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6 Ways to Stop Foreclosure

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There are several ways that homeowners can help guard against foreclosure so that they can keep their homes and avoid the negative consequences of this action.


Reasons for Foreclosure

When a person acquires a mortgage on his or her property, the loan is secured with the mortgage. If the person gets behind on the payments or otherwise fails to meet his or her obligations under the mortgage contract, the lender can take steps to foreclose on the home. 

Consequences of Foreclosure

In addition to losing the residence the homeowner, faces many additional consequences if the property is foreclosed upon. The homeowner can be charged for the expenses related to dispossession and other charges allowed by law. In many states, the lender can still pursue a deficiency judgment for any difference between the amount owed on the loan and the sale price. Additionally, the homeowner’s credit will likely be significantly impacted by this event. 

Options

There may be several options available to avoid foreclosure depending on the circumstances, including:

Foreclosure Settlement

Rather than selling the house at auction, the bank may be willing to work out some type of settlement that will allow the homeowner with the loan. 

Loan Modification

The lender may agree to modify the loan rather than foreclosing the property. A loan modification can make an existing loan more feasible by resulting in lower monthly payments, lower interest rates, more time to pay or unpaid payments added to the back end of the loan. In some loan modifications, the amount of the loan may be reduced. The lender may be more willing to work with a homeowner who has taken additional steps to try to meet the financial obligation, such as reducing other expenses or getting an additional job. 

Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure

A deed in lieu of foreclosure results when the person whose name the home is in voluntarily signs the deed to the property back over to the lender. This can help the homeowner avoid the additional expenses related to foreclosure and the public nature of the proceedings. There are some disadvantages to this approach, so it is important that a person in this situation seek legal counsel. 

Short Sale

One common way that a person can avoid foreclosure is by having a short sale of the property. Many lenders during the real estate crisis used short sales as an exit plan so that they would get more proceeds from the sale of the house than they would have received through a public auction. Once the homeowner receives a Notice of Default or otherwise suspects that he or she may have trouble meeting the obligation, he or she may consider a short sale. A short sale occurs when the homeowner sells the property for less than the current value of the property. The lender may agree to this arrangement rather than having to proceed with a foreclosure. However, the lender may still be able to seek a deficiency judgment for the unpaid portion of the loan. Some states do not permit this while others do. Individuals who are considering a short sale should be careful to negotiate an acceptance by the lender of the purchase amount and to accept it as payment in full. Even with this scenario, there may be tax implications to a short sale, so it is important

Bankruptcy

Filing bankruptcy can sometimes help avoid bankruptcy. When a person files bankruptcy, an automatic stay is issued which prevents further collection efforts. Therefore, a bankruptcy works to effectively freeze a foreclosure. However, the homeowner may still wind up losing the home in the bankruptcy proceedings if he or she cannot show that the debt can be repaid. So bankruptcy often works as a mere delay of the foreclosure. However, during bankruptcy, the debtor and the creditors may be able to work out an arrangement that will allow the debtor to repay some of the loan. The secured debt has priority over unsecured debts. Bankruptcy has many ramifications of which the debtor should be aware and seek counsel. 

Legal Assistance

Individuals who believe that they may be in fear of a foreclosure may wish to contact a lawyer. A real estate lawyer can help explain the process of foreclosure and evaluate the individual’s circumstances to determine whether there are any alternatives to foreclosure. He or she can explain the pros and cons of these potential alternatives.

If you have any additional questions or queries contact us at (954).944.2799 or email info@DSALegalGroup.com 

Source: HG

Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this publication, it is not intended to provide legal advice as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer. For specific technical or legal advice on the information provided and related topics, please contact an attorney. 

3 Foreclosure Myths That Can Cost You Your Home

by Stefan McHardy, Esq.

For anyone faced with the prospect of losing their home to foreclosure, the pressure alone is enough to drive you up a wall.  Now throw in the reality of it all; the high-powered bank suing you in court (if you live in a judicial foreclosure state, that is), their high-priced lawyers, and the convoluted mess of a system we've come to know as the loan modification process.

Now I can very easily start out by claiming mistake number one is not hiring an attorney to represent your legal rights, etc., etc., etc.  But, besides being far too cliché for anyone's liking, the simple fact is this: it’s your home and however you choose to defend it is up to you.  There aren't many countries in the world that give you the rights to defend yourself and your property as this one.  But for the record, you should at least consult with a foreclosure defense attorney.

With that said, if you're going to get all Matthew McConaughey/Lincoln Lawyer about it, then at the very least give yourself a fighting chance and proceed in an informed way.  Lets bust a few myths.

Myth: If I'm Doing a Loan Modification They Can't Sell My House at Foreclosure Auction.

Yes they can.  Unless you have a court order, signed by a Judge, ordering that foreclosure sale canceled, the foreclosure sale will not be stopped simply because your modification package is under review.  The loan servicer that is reviewing your application is under no legal obligation to ask the court to cancel the foreclosure sale.  It's up to you, to notify the court by filing a motion and setting a hearing.  Once you get in front of the judge for that hearing, then you can bring it to his or her attention that the loan modification application is still pending review and that you would like the foreclosure sale canceled.

Now, I know many of you who have been through this are saying that you've had the bank's lawyers cancel the sale for you.  Well, congrats to you.  You have the friendliest opposing counsel the bank's money can buy.  But, if your legal strategy is to depend on the kindness of the lawyer who is being paid to take your house, then my friends, you have a tougher road ahead of you than you think.

Myth: If I'm Doing a Short Sale They Can't Sell My House at Foreclosure Auction.

Again, not true.  And if your realtor tells you this, then shame on you for taking legal advice from a realtor.  Unless your realtor just happens to also be a seasoned, skilled, and [quite charming] attorney. In that case, this savvy realtor-lawyer would never tell you such a thing.

Short Sales, much like loan modifications, need to be negotiated with and approved by the lender.  In fact, if you've ever seen the paperwork you have to fill out for a short sale approval, it is virtually identical to the loan modification paperwork.  And just like the above myth with the loan modification application, it's not a guarantee or a requirement on the part of the bank to cancel any upcoming sale just because your application is pending approval or currently listed for [short] sale.  And more importantly, the clock is always ticking; meaning, if your home isn't selling, or isn't getting approved for short sale, even the most patient of judges will eventually tell you it's "too little, too late."

Myth: Filing Bankruptcy Will Stop The Foreclosure.

Well maybe you're a better Lincoln Lawyer than we all thought because you are distorting the word "stop" more than Bill Clinton distorted the word "relations".  Although bankruptcy can delay foreclosure, if done correctly, that alone will certainly not make the problem go away.  What you are actually doing here is having the foreclosure delayed in state court while a federal judge in the bankruptcy court weighs the merits of your bankruptcy claim. (So now you are taking on a federal court case as well, Lincoln Lawyer.  Time to increase your retainer fee!).  If the federal court determines that you do not qualify for bankruptcy, or if your case is dismissed for any other reason, then the state court will reset your foreclosure sale date.

I'm not saying it's impossible to get out of trouble if you go about a bankruptcy correctly, but quite honestly, federal bankruptcy court is not a playground for the inexperienced.

-Stefan McHardy, Esq.

Unpaid HOA assessment can lead to foreclosure

Question: What can happen if several homeowners in [an] association do not agree with a special assessment and refuse to pay it?

Answer: Homeowners who do not pay their regular and special assessments are subject to foreclosure. They also could have a personal money judgment entered against them.

If the community takes action, the homeowner would be responsible for attorney fees, interest and administrative fees, in addition to the assessment amount. These costs can add up, and I have seen many instances in which the costs are much more than the unpaid assessment.

This is a serious matter, and many homeowners don't understand the consequences. If you receive a bill you don't agree with, contact the association. If it is not quickly corrected, in writing, pay the bill before continuing to fight the charge. This will stop additional costs from accruing.

I know how frustrating it is to pay for something that you're disputing, but it's important to stop additional fees from building up. You can continue to seek reimbursement without digging yourself into a deeper hole on the chance that the charge is indeed valid.

If enough members of your association dispute a special assessment, or if you think it might have been levied improperly, you should contact an attorney to discuss your options.

Copyright © 2016 Sun Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale, Fla.), Gary M. Singer. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. source